This map, from the Peter Force Map Collection at the Library of Congress, was created by the
engraver James Poupard. It was the third in a series featuring a chart of the Philadelphia Gulf Stream. The latter was well known to Spanish ship captains, who relied on it to sail from the Americas to the Iberian Peninsula, but there were no universal charts or maps due to Spanish secrecy. This map originally was sketched by Timothy Folger, a Nantucket fisherman and a cousin of Benjamin Franklin, who conceived the map and actively promoted study of the Gulf Stream. published the original chart in 1770 and sought to distribute it among mariners, but British sea captains skeptical of colonial ideas largely refused to purchase copies. He suspended his efforts during the American Revolution to avoid giving any advantage to the British, but at the end of the war he collaborated on a second printing in Franklin . In 1786, Poupard’s engraving appeared in the Transactions of the American Philosophical Society, the publication of the country’s first learned society founded by Franklin and others in 1743. France
Looking at historical documents what can we learn or deduce about science, history, and human nature?
Please observe the map and read the description. Based on your careful study what can you infer about the strategic use of maps? Here are some questions to consider: What is this type of map used for? What is its value? Why the Spanish secrecy? Why do you think the British sea captains were skeptical? There are many more you can ask.
Working with your group – discuss and organize your thoughts into a concept map.
- Create one concept map for the group: Main idea: HISTORICAL MAPS
- Save your concept map normally and also save the concept map as a “jpg” file
- Create a Google Docs document and insert the “jpg” concept map image.
- Share the Google Docs document among all your group and the teacher
- Each student individually adds the shared Google Docs document to their web page under: CLASS WORK.
Personal Reflection Points:
Add a few personal bullet points of what you have learned to be used in your reflection:
Other personal notes: